The J-Link SWD Isolator can be connected between J-Link and any ARM-board that uses the standard 20-pin 0.1" male connector to provide electrical isolation. This is essential when the development tools are not connected to the same ground as the application. It is also useful to protect the development tools from electrical spikes that often occur in some applications, such as motor control applications. Another typical field of application is development of products with sensors or other analog circuitry, in which case the target hardware is protected from electrical noise originating from the development PC. The J-Link SWD Isolator is compatible with J-Link BASE, J-Link PRO, J-Link ULTRA+, J-Link PLUS and Flasher ARM.
Both sides, target and emulator, are totally isolated from each other and separately powered. The target side draws power from pins 1 or 2, the emulator side draws power from pin 19. To avoid current drawn from the target an external power supply can be used to provide power to pins 1 and 2.
The SWD Isolator uses high speed optocouplers that allow a very low propagation time between input and output. It comes with the following connectors and indicators:
- 20-pin 0.1" female EMULATOR connector which can be plugged directly into J-Link
- 20-pin 0.1" male TARGET connector for connection of the target cable
- Green LED indicating power on the emulator side
- Green LED indicating power on the target side
- Red LED indicating RESET active
The following functional block diagram illustrates the functional connections between the emulator and target.
The following picture shows the target side pinout of the J-Link SWD Isolator:
|1||VCC||Input||The target side of the isolator draws power over this pin.|
|2||VCC||Input||The target side of the isolator draws power over this pin.|
|3||N/C||N/C||This pin is not connected on the target side of the isolator.|
|5||N/C||N/C||This pin is not connected on the target side of the isolator.|
|7||SWDIO||I/O||Bi-directional data pin of SWD. This pin should be pulled high on the target. Typically connected to SWDIO on target CPU.|
|9||SWCLK||Output||SWD clock signal to target CPU. It is recommended that this pin is pulled to a defined state on the target board. Typically connected to SWCLK on target CPU.|
|11||N/C||N/C||This pin is not connected on the target side of the isolator.|
|13||SWO||Input||SWD data output from target CPU. Typically connected to SWO on target CPU.|
|15||RESET||I/O||Target CPU reset signal. Typically connected to the RESET pin of the target CPU, which is typically called "nRST", "nRESET" or "RESET".|
|17||N/C||N/C||This pin is not connected on the target side of the isolator.|
|19||N/C||N/C||This pin is not connected on the target side of the isolator.|
Pins 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 are GND pins connected to GND.
In order to use the Isolator, follow these steps:
- Plug the SWD Isolator directly into J-Link
- Power J-Link
- Make sure the green LED on the emulator side is lit. If it is not, please follow the instructions below
- Connect the target to the target side of the SWD Isolator
- If the target is powered, the green LED on the target side should be lit
The red LED on the target side is lit when a Target RESET is active (low).
J-Link needs to supply 5V power to the emulator side of the isolator on pin 19. In order to do this, you may have to configure J-Link once as follows:
- Make sure that SEGGER J-Link software is installed on your machine. It can be downloaded from here
- Start J-Link Commander, which can be found under “Start -> Programs -> SEGGER -> J-Link”
- Enter the following command to enable power supply via J-Link: power on perm
- Plug in the isolator: The green LED on the emulator side should now be lit
The SWD Isolator has been designed for J-Link, but can also be used with other ARM emulators with the same pin-out. In this case, you should make sure that 5V are supplied to pin 19 of the emulator connector and that your emulator is not damaged when applying 5V to this pin. Do this at your own risk!